Some General Surgeon Procedures

The procedures performed by a general surgeon covers a vast area of human organs including the stomach, small bowel, esophagus, liver, colon, pancreas, appendix, bile ducts, and gallbladder plus many more. Let’s take a look at some common procedures performed by a general surgeon in detail:

Hernia Surgery

A hernia is a condition where internal tissue or an organ pokes through a weak area of the human abdominal muscle wall. General surgeons perform hernia repairs in such situations. This surgery can relieve pain, strengthen the weakened muscle area, and return the displaced organs to their correct place in the abdomen. It’s the most common surgical procedure in the world.

Abdominal Adhesions

Naturally, abdominal organs and tissues are slippery which avoids them from sticking together. Abdominal adhesions are fibrous tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues causing them to stick together while the body moves. Chronic abdominal pain is the most common symptom, while many patients don’t develop any symptoms. They not only cause pain but also intestinal obstructions and fertility problems. General surgeons perform surgery to treat abdominal adhesions when other less invasive methods aren’t successful.


A general surgeon may remove a part of the pancreas or all of it via a pancreatectomy. The pancreas is located in the abdomen and produces digestive fluids and essential hormones. Some conditions where a pancreatectomy is required are acinar cell tumors, cancers and tumors in the pancreas, cystadenocarcinoma, cystadenoma, inflammation, lymphoma, necrotising pancreatitis, neoplasms, severe chronic pancreatitis, severe hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, and severe trauma.


The human body has two adrenal glands which ensure the hormonal functioning of the body. Benign, malignant, and metastatic tumors can develop in your adrenaline glands where an adrenalectomy is required to remove them.

Cholecystectomy (Gallbladder Removal)

The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that’s located in the upper right abdomen. Its main function is to collect bile and digestive fluid that is produced in the liver. Gallstones develop over time and block the flow of bile causing severe pain. The gallbladder may need to be removed to reduce the pain.


The appendix is a small pouch-like organ that’s located in the human abdomen. It’s a human organ that doesn’t have a definitive purpose. Appendicitis is caused by the inflammation of the appendix which results in severe abdominal pain.

In such cases, an appendectomy must be performed in order to remove the appendix. It’s a procedure that must be carried out quickly upon diagnosis. Leaving an inflamed and infected appendix untreated may cause it to burst and spread the infection throughout the abdomen.


The esophagus is a tube that transfers food and liquids from the throat to the stomach. In the case of Barrett’s esophagus where there’s a chance of the patient developing esophageal cancer and where esophageal cancer has not spread to other organs, an esophagectomy is performed to surgically remove the esophagus.


Thyroid cancer and various conditions of the thyroid gland such as goiter and hyperthyroidism result in general surgeons performing thyroidectomies where all or part of the thyroid gland is surgically removed.


Some general surgeons are also trained to conduct procedures of the breast, often associated with breast cancer. This could include a mastectomy, resection or reconstruction.

Note on this content

Note that this content is for general information purposes only. If you have any concerns about any of the above issues you should seek professional medical assistance.

How we can help

Make a submission and you will receive responses from a number of general surgeons who can help treat your medical condition. From there, you can compare and select a general surgeon based on what’s suitable for you.